"Philanthropic foundations in Belgium: Issues for governance in the public interest", by SOCENT researchers Amélie Mernier and Virginie Xhauflair, available on-line

Based on sixteen exploratory interviews with Belgian philanthropic foundations, this Working Paper investigates the governance mechanisms that these organizations set up in order to achieve their public interest mission. The paper describes the Belgian foundations’ governance practices and the governance challenges these foundations are confronted with. The authors then discuss three critical governance issues raised by the foundation sector in Belgium, and they identify three tensions that Belgian foundations need to solve to become legitimate in the achievement of their social missions.